An Intractable Challenge: Managing Civil Military Relations in Pakistan

This policy note was prepared for a report published by The Islamabad Policy Institute (IPI) after the general elections of 2018. As the previous government…

Facilitating peace process in Afghanistan is in Pakistan’s national interest

During his election campaign, President Trump had vowed to end the foreign wars and redirect the resources towards domestic needs such as infrastructure development.…

Pakistan’s Dueling Military Cultures

C. Christine Fair, Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army’s Way of War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014). Aqil Shah, The Army and Democracy:…

Our collective psychosis

By Raza Rumi Pakistan’s right wing has flourished on the crutches of a national security doctrine: A world view, which prioritises paranoia and ‘security’…