…inwardly we preceded everyone

If for fruit the gardener

Felt no desire or hope

Why then would He have planted

The root of the tree


Inwardly then, that tree arose

From the fruit

Through outwardly the fruit

From the tree arose.


That is why the Prophet declared:

“Adam and all are prophets

Are my descendants

Under one banner”


And this too is why Mohammed

The master of all arts, declared:

“Outwardly, we are the last of all,

But inwardly we preceded everyone”

Translation: Dr Javad Nurbakhsh

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